The COVID-19 pandemic occurs at a time when there is also a massive availability of ICT tools and technologies. As a result, all over the world, programmers, engineers, computer scientists and data specialists are working alongside medical researchers and epidemiologists to develop tools that can help track the spread of the virus, minimise its growth, and support the vulnerable. It would be an irresponsible government that did not wish to exploit all available resources at its disposal to protect its population and support global efforts to counter the negative effects - both economic and medical - of the pandemic.

However, there is a risk that the urgency of the current crisis leads to rushed technological development which may neglect ethical safeguards and responsibility approaches to ensure any new tools act in the best interests of society and its citizens. In recent years, public concerns have emerged over the ubiquity of personal data collection and digital surveillance in our daily lives, alongside the potential for the misuse of personal data. We can see reasons to express similar concerns over some of the current technological responses to COVID-19.

by: Helena Webb

14 Apr 2020

Adrienne Hart is Artistic Director of Neon Dance, an internationally renowned dance company. In 2019 she approached the University of Oxford’s TORCH programme hoping to find a researcher that could support the company’s latest collaborative work “Prehension Blooms”. The work, due to premiere in 2021, aims to integrate swarm robotics in a live performance context.

Following a successful bid for a TORCH Theatres Seed Fund award, Adrienne is now collaborating with Helena Webb, Senior Researcher at the Department of Computer Science, and “Prehension Blooms” will feed into the ongoing project RoboTIPS - Developing Responsible Robots for the Digital Economy. RoboTIPS is a 5-year research study led by Marina Jirotka, Professor of Human Centred Computing, that seeks to foster practices for responsibility in the development and use of social robots.

In this conversation Helena discovers more about Neon Dance’s research and development project and how “Prehension Blooms” will connect to RoboTIPS.

by: Jun Zhao

13 Apr 2020

Since Monday 23 March 2020, most schools in the UK have embarked on school closure in response to the COVID-19 outbreak in Europe. For most parents, aside from juggling between the daunting prospect of home-schooling and their work, they are also overwhelmed by their children’s need to stay connected with friends.

This is particularly a challenge for parents of primary school age children who have not been extensively exposed to independent online social communications until the COVID-19 crisis. Under this stressful and rapidly developing situation, many parents handed over to their children some general purpose video conference applications or social media platforms as a quick and easy solution. This article highlights several things that parents should look out for when facilitating their young children’s first online chat or social communication, to keep their children safe, and enjoy a happy and rewarding home schooling time.

by: Max Van Kleek

29 Mar 2020

Viewpoint > This article contains viewpoints of the author and is not intended as a research document

Even before the COVID-19 crisis, there has been great concern about the effects of misinformation online. Much of the debate around misinformation, its potential harms, and what to do about it, has centred significantly around specific events where the tangible effects of misinformation could be measured-for instance, around elections past and future, or the UK Referendum.

The COVID-19 crisis presents a new event around which misinformation can have other significant effects, both tangible and intangible. It can influence people’s behaviours at a time when cooperation and successful compliance with public health and govenrmental restrictions can mean the difference between success and failure in an urgent public health intervention to slow or stop an epidemic.

The COVID-19 crisis has meant the sudden and urgent need for physical distancing while simultaneously maintaining-or even increasing-the need to effectively communicate, coordinate and collaborate.

This combination of factors has meant many have been adopting new “remote working” tools in droves. Many are forced to use the tools that their organisations have chosen for them; but others have the opportunity to choose the tools that will both serve their needs and protect them long term. But which tools are the most secure, and most privacy respecting?

12 Feb 2020

At the recent 2020 MPLS Impact Awards, a Commendation Certificate was awarded to HCC DPhil student Ulrik Lyngs for his work on the ‘Reducing Digital Distraction’ (ReDD) workshop. The MPLS Impact awards aim to

recognise and reward researchers at all career stages, for research that has had, or will have significant social or economic impact.

The ReDD workshop is developed by Ulrik Lyngs in collaboration with Maureen Freed, Deputy Head of Counselling at the University of Oxford. The counselling service works one-to-one with nearly 3,000 students each year. An increasing proportion of these students report strongly conflicting feelings about their digital devices, because having these devices ever-present and switched on often compromises their ability to tune out distractions and be wholly and productively immersed in academic work.

The ReDD workshop aim to help students struggling in this domain. In the workshop, students reflect on their use, struggles, and goals for digital technology use, and are provided concrete tools and strategies. In the process, the workshops also generate valuable data for advancing the frontiers of digital wellbeing research.

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11 Dec 2019

Sir Nigel Shadbolt launched the new Institute for Ethics in AI at Oxford, a dedicated research institute to the interdisciplinary study of ethics challenges introduced by emerging AI technologies.

He is tasked with overseeing the development of the new research centre, that aims to tackle the fundamental challenges of the 21st century.

The Schwarzman Centre was made possible by a generous donation from Stephen A. Schwarzman to the University of Oxford.

The new research institute is expected to open in 2024, adjacent to the current Mathematical Institute.

We look forward to working with the Institute, and helping shape its research agenda around human centred systems and AI.

01 Dec 2019

HCC DPhil student Ulrik Lyngs has been awarded the EPSRC Doctoral Prize, providing additional funding to continue his work on challenges of self-control in relation to digital device use.

The purpose of the Doctoral Prize scheme is to

help retain the best students receiving EPSRC funding in research careers to develop them beyond the end of the PhD to help launch a succesful career in research, and to increase the impact of the PhD in terms of publications, KT [Knowledge Transfer] and outreach.

Under the Doctoral Prize, Ulrik will

  • Continue dissemination of his DPhil work (including at the CHI 2020 conference),
  • Expand collaborations with other research groups (including Human Centered Design & Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, and Google’s Digital Wellbeing team), and
  • Continue collaboration with Oxford University’s Counselling Service on the Reducing Digital Distraction workshops, which provide practical guidance for students who struggle to manage their relationship with digital devices such as smartphones and laptops.
by: Ge (Tiffany) Wang
Jun Zhao

28 Nov 2019

How shall we better protect children online? And what do Chinese parents think about their children’s online safety? To answer these questions, a new report presented findings from an online survey of 593 Chinese parents with children aged 6-10: While Chinese parents showed some level of privacy concerns, their primary concerns were still around inappropriate content and screen time. Online short-video platforms (e.g. TikTok) played an important role in Chinese young children’s daily life, however, many of these apps are not always appropriate for children’s age.

As the generation growing up at the frontier of IoT, children’s daily activities are constantly shifting from ’offline’ to ’online’. Both the amount of information, and the value of them has been continuously increasing, and there has been a growing risk of children’s privacy being compromised or improperly exploited . China is now home to 169 million Internet users under the age of 18, with 89.5% of children under 13s have been reported to have access to the Internet. While mobile phones are still the major way for teenagers going online (92%), tablets (37.4%) and smart TVs (46.7%) are among the devices most frequently used and have been used more by teenagers than the other age groups,. Alongside with the rapid increase in online adoption of Chinese children, there have been growing concerns. For those under 18s, 30.3% have had exposure to inappropriate contents and 15.6% had experienced online bullying. However, those privacy-related risks have not been looked at or discussed.

26 Nov 2019

On the 27th of October, researchers from the Human Centred Computing team were at the Oxford Science and Ideas Festival, talking to members of the public about privacy, security, and digital wellbeing.

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As well as answering questions about how people use technology, the group solicited feedback from families about how happy they were with their use of technology. Responses included hopes and fears around everything from overuse of smartphones and managing passwords, to more futuristic questions about robots in the home.